Accounting Data Handling Toolbox For Opportunistic Resources

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Auditor stands for Accounting Data Handling Toolbox For Opportunistic Resources. Auditor ingests accounting data provided by so-called collectors, stores it and provides it to the outside to so-called plugins.

It comes with a well-defined REST API which allows for the implementation of application-specific collectors and plugins. This makes it well suited for a wide range of use cases.

TODO: Grafik, detaillierte Erklaerung.


Running Auditor

Auditor can be run by compiling the source from the repository or by running a pre-built docker container. Both methods require that the PostgreSQL database is installed migrated beforehand.

Migrating the database

Migrating the database requires cloning the Auditor repository and installing cargo and sqlx. A prerequisite is a working Rust setup, which can be installed either via your distributions package manager or via the following command:

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf | sh

Now sqlx can be installed via cargo:

cargo install --version=0.6.3 sqlx-cli --no-default-features --features postgres,rustls

Clone the repository and cd into the directory.

git clone 

To migrate the database, run the following from the root directory of the repo:

# Adapt thesee variables to your setup

sqlx database create
sqlx migrate run

This assumes that the PostgreSQL database is already installed.

Using Docker

The easiest way to run Auditor is via a Docker container from Docker Hub or Github Container Registry. Auditor requires a properly configured PostgreSQL database. After installing PostgreSQL, the database needs to be migrated with sqlx.

AUDITORs configuration can be adapted with environment variables.

AUDITOR_APPLICATION__ADDRAddress to bind to (default
AUDITOR_APPLICATION__PORTPort to bind to (default 8000)
AUDITOR_DATABASE__HOSTHost address of PostgreSQL database (default localhost)
AUDITOR_DATABASE__PORTPort of PostgreSQL database (default 5432)
AUDITOR_DATABASE__USERNAMEPostgreSQL database username (default postgres)
AUDITOR_DATABASE__PASSWORDPostgreSQL database password (default password)
AUDITOR_DATABASE__REQUIRE_SSLWhether or not to use SSL (default true)

Use docker run to execute Auditor:

docker run aluschumacher/auditor:main

The configuration parameters can be set by passing environment variables via -e:

docker run -e AUDITOR_APPLICATION__ADDR=localhost -e AUDITOR_DATABASE__REQUIRE_SSL=false aluschumacher/auditor:main

Configuration files

Besides environment variables, a YAML configuration file can be used:

  port: 8000
  host: "localhost"
  port: 5432
  username: "postgres"
  password: "password"
  database_name: "auditor"
  require_ssl: false
    frequency: 30
      - RecordCount
      - RecordCountPerSite
      - RecordCountPerGroup
      - RecordCountPerUser

This configuration file can be passed to Auditor and will overwrite the default configuration.

Metrics exporter for Prometheus

Metrics for Prometheus are exposed via the /metrics endpoint. By default HTTP metrics are exported. In addition, database metrics are exported as well (optional). These include the current number of records in the database, as a well as the number of records per site, group and user. Database metrics export can be configured in the configuration:

    # How often these values are computed (default: every 30 seconds)
    frequency: 30
    # Type of metrics to export (default: None)
      - RecordCount
      - RecordCountPerSite
      - RecordCountPerGroup
      - RecordCountPerUser

How often the database metrics are computed is defined by the frequency configuration variable. Note that computing the database metrics is a potentially expensive operation. Therefore it is advised to monitor the performance of Auditor when working with databases with a large number of records. The frequency setting should be somewhat in accordance with the Prometheus scraping interval.

Compiling Auditor

Alternatively, Auditor can be compiled and run directly. This section describes how to set up the required development environment. It also covers cross compiling and static linking against musl instead of glibc in order to obtain a maximally portable binary.


Compiling Auditor requires


Requires a recent Rust version (MSRV 1.56.1) and cargo.

Ideally installed via rustup:

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf | sh


cargo install --version=0.6.3 sqlx-cli --no-default-features --features postgres,rustls


For nicer logs install bunyan:

cargo install bunyan

Running Auditor via cargo

git clone 
cargo run

Calling ./scripts/ will start a temporary PostgreSQL database in a Docker container and will automatically migrate the database. If you plan to run Auditor like this in production, make sure to properly set up a database and instead of calling pass the correct settings to auditor via the configuration environment variables mentioned above. Building requires a running database, because database queries are checked against the database during runtime! This can be disabled with:

SQLX_OFFLINE=true cargo run

For nicer logs pipe the output through bunyan:

cargo run | bunyan

Note that this will be a debug build which will not pass all optimizations during compilation. For maximum performance a release build is necessary:

cargo run --release

Running the tests

cargo test

Output logs while running the tests:

TEST_LOG=true cargo test 

Building binaries

Binaries used in production should be built in release mode:

cargo build --release

The binary can then be found in target/release/auditor.

Make sure a database is up and running when starting Auditor.

Static linking and cross compiling

The binary will only link to the system glibc. Fully statically linked binaries can be obtained by statically linking against musl instead auf glibc. This can be beneficial when cross compiling, in particular for older targets (e.g. CentOS7). This requires the musl dev tools to be installed on the system where Auditor is compiled. The exact packages needed depends on your Linux distribution. Furthermore, the x86_64-unknown-linux-musl target for Rust must be installed (once):

rustup target add x86_64-unknown-linux-musl

Then cross-compilation with static linking can be done via

RUSTFLAGS='-C link-arg=-s' cargo build --release --target x86_64-unknown-linux-musl

The resulting binaries will be placed in target/x86_64-unknown-linux-musl/release.


Auditor is configured via the files in the configuration directory, a configuration file passed to the binary, or via environment variables as mentioned above.


RPMs are provided for each release on the Github release page.

SLURM Epilog Collector

The Slurm epilog collector can installed from the provided RPM or can be built with this command:

RUSTFLAGS='-C link-arg=-s' cargo build --release --target x86_64-unknown-linux-musl --bin auditor-slurm-epilog-collector

The resulting binary can be found in target/x86_64-unknown-linux-musl/release/auditor-slurm-epilog-collector and is ideally placed on the Slurm head node.

Add this to your epilog shell script (on the slurm head node):


# Divert stdout and sterr. Make sure the slurm user has write access to both locations.
# Ideally there is also log rotation in place for those logs.
exec >> /epilog_logs/epilog.log
exec 2>> /epilog_logs/epilog.log

/absolute/path/to/auditor-slurm-epilog-collector /absolute/path/to/auditor-slurm-epilog-collector-config.yaml

This will read the $SLURM_JOB_ID environment variable, which is only available in the context of a SLURM epilog script.

Internally, scontrol is called to obtain the necessary information of the job.

If not all jobs are of relevance, filtering should be done in the epilog script such that the collector is only executed for relevant jobs. This avoids unnecessary and potentially expensive calls to scontrol. Slurm provides a number of environment variables in the context of an epilog script which are listed in the Slurm documentation.



# Only execute collector for jobs running on `some_partition`
if [ "$SLURM_JOB_PARTITION" == "some_partition" ]; then
	exec >> $LOG_FILE
	exec 2>> $LOG_FILE

	/absolute/path/to/auditor-slurm-epilog-collector /absolute/path/to/auditor-slurm-epilog-collector-config.yaml

Example configurations

The following configuration shows how to set the Auditor host address and port. The record_prefix will be used to prefix the Slurm job id in the record identifier (in this case it will be slurm-JOBID). The site_name is the site_id which will be attached to every record. components defines how to extract accountable information from the call to scontrol and attaches scores to it. In the context of components, name indicates how this component will be identified in the final record and key indicates the key which is to be extracted from the scontrol output. scores are optional.

addr: "auditor_host_addr"
port: 8000
record_prefix: "slurm"
site_id: "site_name"
  - name: "Cores"
    key: "NumCPUs"
      - name: "HEPSPEC"
        value: 1.0
  - name: "Memory"
    key: "Mem"

Extraction of components as well as adding of scores can be done conditionally, as shown in the following example configuration. The matching is performed on values associated with certain keys in the scontrol output. Regex is accepted.

addr: "auditor_host_address"
port: 8000
record_prefix: "slurm"
site_id: "site_name"
  - name: "Cores"
    key: "NumCPUs"
      # If it the job is running on partition `part1`, then use HEPSPEC value 1.1
      - name: "HEPSPEC"
        value: 1.1
          key: "Partition"
          matches: "^part1$"
      # If it the job is running on partition `part2`, then use HEPSPEC value 1.2
      - name: "HEPSPEC"
        value: 1.2
          key: "Partition"
          matches: "^part2$"
  - name: "Memory"
    key: "Mem"
      key: "Partition"
      matches: "^part2$"

Priority Plugin

The priority plugin takes the resources provided by multiple groups and computes a priority for each of these groups based on who many resources wer provided. This allows one to transfer provided resources on one system to priorities in another system. The computed priorities are set via shelling out, and the executed commands can be defined as needed.

The priority plugin is available as RPM or can be built with the command:

RUSTFLAGS='-C link-arg=-s' cargo build --release --target x86_64-unknown-linux-musl --bin auditor-priority-plugin

The resulting binary can be found in target/x86_64-unknown-linux-musl/release/auditor-priority-plugin and is ideally placed on a node where the priorities should be set.

One run of the priority plugin will update the priorities once. In general, the priority plugin should be run on a regular basis (for instance as a cron job), depending on how often the update should be performed.

A typical configuration for the SLURM batch system may look like this:

addr: "auditor_host_address"
port: 8000
duration: 1209600 # in seconds
    - "part1"
    - "part2"
    - "part3"
  - "/usr/bin/scontrol update PartitionName={1} PriorityJobFactor={priority}"
min_priority: 1
max_priority: 65335
computation_mode: ScaledBySum

The resources used for calculating the priorities can be configured via the components field. It defines which components to extract from the components field of the record (NumCPUs in this example), as well as the corresponding score (HEPSPEC in this example). Multiple components can be extracted. The configured components and scores must be part of the records. The resources of each component will be multiplied by the corresponding score and the resulting provided resource per group is the sum of all these. The records considered in the computation can be limited to all records which finished in the past X seconds via the duration field (in seconds). Omitting this field takes all records in the database into account. Via the group_mapping field, it is possible to attach certain additional information to the individual groups which are to be considered in the calculation. In the example configuration above are three groups group{1,2,3}, where each has a corresponding partition part{1,2.3}. These mappings can be accessed when constructing the commands which will be executed after computing the priorities by using {N} where N corresponds to number of the element in the list of the group_mapping. For instance, for group1, the string {1} indicates part1 while for group2 the same string {1} indicates part2. The command field in the configuration illustrates the usage of these mappings. This allows one to adapt the command for the various groups involved. In the command field one can also see a string {priority}, which will be replaced by the computed priority for the group. Another special string, {resources} is available, which is replaced by the computed provided resource per group. The command is executed for each group separately and multiple commands can be provided.

Priority computation modes

As stated above, the priorities are computed from the provided resources of each group. However, the computed resources and the priorities are in different units and span different ranges. Therefore a mapping between resources and priorities needs to be in place. This plugin offers two computation_modes: FullSpread and ScaledBySum. Via min_priority and max_priority, lower and upper limits on the computed priority are set.

Auditor Clients

To facilitate the development of collectors and plugins, client libraries for Rust and Python are offered which handle the interaction with the Auditor server. For details please consult the respective documentation pages for the Rust client and the Python client.


Licensed under either of

at your option.


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.